The festival of Onam is celebrated with lot of enthusiasm in the Southern part of India, especially Kerala. The celebrations of this festival can only be enjoyed by participating in each and every tradition of it.
The most common tradition followed in Kerala during the ten days of Onam is the Pookalam decorations. Word Pookalam is made from a combination two words, Poo and Kalam that means flowers and shape respectively. Onam pookalams are generally circular in shape and are also know as flower mats.The flowers used to make Pookalams are bright and these flowers further highlight the celebrations of this festival.
It is also said that different flowers are used to make Pookalams during the ten days of Onam. Specific variety of flowers are used on each day of Onam celebrations and the most common flowers that you can come across are Mukkutti (little tree plant), Hanuman Kireedom (Red pagoda plant), Kakka Poovu, Chemparathy (shoe flower), Thechipoovu, Thumba (Lucas Aspera), Aripoo or Konginipoo (Lantana), and Chethi (Ixora).
All the above flowers are used for the Pookalam decorations and among these Thumba flowers are extremely important. These are small flowers that sparkle when sunrays fall on them.
Designing a beautiful Onam pookalam is an art and for this several competitions are also organized on the Onam Day. Learn this art of making attractive Onam pookalams and make this festival all the more special.